Evening hours may pose higher risk for overeating

Evening hours may pose higher risk for overeating

Experiments with a small group of overweight men and women have added to evidence that “hunger hormone” levels rise and “satiety (or fullness) hormone” levels decrease in the evening. The findings also suggest that stress may increase hunger hormone levels more in the evening, and the…

Revised safe intake for 3-MCPD in vegetable oils and food

Revised safe intake for 3-MCPD in vegetable oils and food

EFSA’s experts have used an updated scientific approach to reassess the possible long-term adverse effects of the food processing contaminant 3-MCPD on the kidney and male fertility. Consumption levels of 3-MCPD in food are considered safe for most consumers but there is a potential health concern…

Dietary fats, changes in fat metabolism may promote prostate cancer metastasis

Dietary fats, changes in fat metabolism may promote prostate cancer metastasis

Prostate tumors tend to be what scientists call “indolent” – so slow-growing and self-contained that many affected men die with prostate cancer, not of it. But for the percentage of men whose prostate tumors metastasize, the disease is invariably fatal. In a set of papers out…

Energy drinks can negatively impact health of youth

Energy drinks can negatively impact health of youth

Over half of Canadian youth and young adults who have consumed energy drinks have experienced negative health effects as a result, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. In a nationwide survey of Canadian youth, over half of those who had ever consumed an energy drink had reported…

How do we taste sugar, bacon and coffee?

How do we taste sugar, bacon and coffee?

How do we taste the sugary richness of candy, or the bitter undertones of coffee? What about the savory flavors of smoked and cured meats? Until now, many scientists believed that a single protein — TRPM5 — acted as a gatekeeper for tasting these delectable foods. Remove TRPM5 from a…

Camelina oil improves blood lipid profile

Camelina oil improves blood lipid profile

The use of camelina oil reduces overall and LDL cholesterol levels in persons with impaired glucose metabolism, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The findings were published in Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. The oil is extracted from the plant Camelina sativa. It is native…

Protective effect of carotene on diabetes

Protective effect of carotene on diabetes

Serum β-carotene and α-carotene have been found to be associated in protection from diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetes retinopathy (DR) respectively, according to a new cross-sectional study published in Current Molecular Medicine. The cross-sectional study conducted on 747 subjects in a Chinese urban population (Beijing, China) investigated the…

High doses of vitamin D rapidly reduce arterial stiffness

High doses of vitamin D rapidly reduce arterial stiffness

In just four months, high-doses of vitamin D reduce arterial stiffness in young, overweight/obese, vitamin-deficient, but otherwise still healthy African-Americans, researchers say. Rigid artery walls are an independent predictor of cardiovascular- related disease and death and vitamin D deficiency appears to be a contributor, says Dr…

Blueberry gives boost to cervical cancer therapy

Blueberry gives boost to cervical cancer therapy

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 12,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year. One of the most common treatments for cervical cancer is radiation. While radiation therapy destroys cancer cells, it also destroys nearby healthy cells. University of Missouri…

Blacks’ high diabetes risk driven by obesity, not mystery

Blacks’ high diabetes risk driven by obesity, not mystery

In a surprising finding, blacks and whites have the same risk of developing diabetes when all biological factors for the disease are considered over time, reports a large new Northwestern Medicine study. The finding flips long-held beliefs that there is an unexplained or genetic reason why blacks have double…