Thaumatin | E957

Thaumatin | E957

Thaumatin is a mixture of proteins isolated from the katemfe fruit (Thaumatococcus daniellii Bennett) which grows in west Africa. Chemical Structure and Properties…

Natrolite-Phonolite | E566

Natrolite-Phonolite | E566

Natrolite-phonolite is a natural mixture of aluminum silicates, alkalines and alkaline-earth and aluminum hydrosilicates, natrolite (43% – 46,5%) and feldspar…

Amaranth (Dye) | FD&C Red 2 | CI 16185 | E123

Amaranth is also known as FD&C Red No. 2,  Food Red 9, Acid Red 27, Azorubin S, or CI 16185. Azo dyes are synthetic colors that contain an azo group (i.e. two nitrogen atoms linked by a double bond) in their molecular structure. Functionality in Food…

Ammonium Phosphatide | E442

Ammonium Phosphatide | E442

Ammonium phosphatide is produced from ammonia and phosphorylated fatty acids from rapeseed oil or it can be produced synthetically. It is a mixture of various ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides…

Butylhydroxinon – TBHQ | E 319

Butylhydroxinon – TBHQ | E 319

Butylhydroxinon is a synthetic product. Another name for butylhydroxinon is TBHQ. Functionality in Food…

Carmine | Carminic acid | Cochineal | E120

Carmine | Carminic acid | Cochineal | E120

Other names for carmine are cochineal, carmine acid, natural red 4 and CI 75470. It is a natural food color isolated from the insects Dactylopius coccus. Carmine is the pure color, whereas cochineal is the crude extract…

Alkaline Modified Starch | E1402

Alkaline modified starch is a modified starch produced by treating starch or starch granules with sodium- or potassium hydroxide. The starch is partially degraded…

Locust Bean Gum | Carob Gum | E410

Locust bean gum is extracted from the seeds of Ceratonia siliqua, the European carob tree. The locust bean has been cultivated since antiquity in the Mediterranean region. Locust bean gum is also called carob gum or carob bean gum. Production To obtain a high grade of locust bean gum, first…

Sucromalt

Sucromalt

Sucromalt is a full-calorie sweetener syrup. It is considered as a low-glycemic alternative to sugar and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS…

Fenugreek

Fenugreek

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) is an annual plant belongs to the family Leguminosae. It is one of the common used spices in human food. The seeds and green leaves are used in food as well as historically in medicinal application. It has been used to increase the flavor and color…

Monopotassium Glutamate | E622

Monopotassium glutamate is often just called potassium glutamate. It is the potassium salt from glutamic acid. Commercially, potassium glutamate is produced from carbohydrates by bacterial fermentation. It can also be prepared from vegetable protein, such as gluten or soy protein…

Pectin | E440

  All green land plants contain pectic substances which in combination with cellulose are responsible for the structural properties of fruits and vegetables. Commercial pectin is mostly derived from citrus fruit or apples. Pectin has only been produced industrially since early in the 20th century, but has been used traditionally for…