Codes alimentarius additives

Codex Alimentarius Food Additives

The “Codex General Standard for Food Additives” is an overview containing the conditions under which permitted food additives may be used in all foods, whether or not they have previously been standardized by Codex.

Below is a list of additives with their INS number.

Click here for the additives on the FAO website.

Name

INS number

C.I. Natural Yellow 3* 100(i)
Curcumin 100(i)
Diferuloymethane* 100(i)
Kurkum* 100(i)
Turmeric yellow* 100(i)
CI Food Yellow 4* 102
FD&C Yellow No. 5* 102
Tartrazine 102
CI(1975)No. 19140* 102
CI Food Yellow 13* 104
Quinoline Yellow 104
CI(1975)No. 47005* 104
CI Food Yellow 3* 110
Crelborange S* 110
FD&C Yellow No. 6* 110
Sunset Yellow FCF 110
CI(1975)No. 15985* 110
Carmine* 120
Carmines 120
CI Natural Red 4* 120
Cochineal carmine* 120
CI(1975)No. 75470* 120
Azorubine (Carmoisine) 122
Carmoisine* 122
CI Food Red 3* 122
CI(1975)No. 14720* 122
Amaranth 123
CI Food Red 9* 123
Naphtol Rot S.* 123
CI(1975)No. 16185* 123
CI Food Red 7* 124
Cochineal Red A* 124
New Coccine* 124
CI(1975)No. 16255* 124
Ponceau 4R (Cochineal red A) 124
C.I. Food Red 14* 127
Erythrosine 127
FD&C Red No. 3* 127
CI(1975)No. 45430* 127
Azogeranine* 128
CI Food Red 10* 128
Red 2G 128
CI(1975)No. 18050* 128
Allura Red AC 129
CI Food Red 17* 129
FD&C Red No.40* 129
CI(1975)No.16035* 129
C.I. Food Blue 1* 132
FD&C Blue No. 2* 132
Indigo Carmine* 132
CI(1975)No. 73015* 132
Indigotine (Indigo carmine ) 132
Brilliant Blue FCF 133
CI Food Blue 2* 133
FD&C Blue No.1* 133
CI(1975)No. 42900* 133
Chlorophyll 140
CI Natural Green 3* 140
Magnesium chlorophyll* 140
Magnesium phaeophytin* 140
CI(1975)No. 75810* 140
C.I. Food Green 3* 143
Fast Green FCF 143
FD&C Green No. 3* 143
CI(1975)No. 42053* 143
Caramel I – plain 150a
Caustic caramel* 150a
Plain caramel* 150a
Caramel II – caustic sulfite process 150b
Caustic sulfite caramel* 150b
Ammonia caramel* 150c
Caramel III – ammonia process 150c
Caramel IV – sulfite ammonia process 150d
Sulfite ammonia caramel* 150d
Black BN* 151
Black PN* 151
Brilliant Black BN* 151
CI Food Black 1* 151
CI(1975)No. 28440* 151
Brilliant black (Black PN) 151
Brown HT 155
Chocolate brown HT* 155
CI Food Brown 3* 155
CI(1975)No. 20285* 155
Carotenes-natural* 160a(ii)
CI Food Orange 5* 160a(ii)
Mixed carotenes* 160a(ii)
Natural beta-carotene* 160a(ii)
beta-Carotenes (vegetable) 160a(ii)
Annatto extracts, bixin-based 160b(i)
Annatto extracts, norbixin-based 160b(ii)
Lutein from Tagetes erecta 161b(i)
CI(1975)No 40850* 161g
Canthaxanthin 161g
CI Food Orange 8* 161g
Zeaxanthin (synthetic) 161h(i)
Beet red 162
Beetroot Red* 162
ENO* 163(ii)
Enociania* 163(ii)
Grape skin extract 163(ii)
Calcium carbonate 170(i)
Chalk* 170(i)
CI Pigment White 6* 171
Titanium dioxide 171
CI(1975)No. 77891* 171
Gallotannic acid* 181
Tannins (food grade)* 181
Tannic acid (Tannins, food grade) 181
Diphenyl 230
Nisin 234
Natamycin* 235
Pimaricin (natamycin) 235
Formic acid 236
Methanoic Acid* 236
Hexamethylene tetramine 239
Hexamine* 239
Methenamine* 239
Dimethyl dicarbonate 242
Dimethyl Pyrocarbonate* 242
DMDC* 242
Acetic acid, glacial 260
Potassium acetates 261
Sodium acetate 262(i)
Sodium diacetate 262(ii)
Calcium acetate 263
Ammonium acetate 264
Lactic acid (L-, D- and DL-) 270
Propionic acid 280
Sodium propionate 281
Calcium propanoate* 282
Calcium propionate 282
Potassium propionate 283
Carbon dioxide 290
Carbonic Acid Anhydride* 290
Dry Ice (solid form)* 290
2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid* 296
Malic acid, DL- 296
Pomalous Acid* 296
Fumaric acid 297
Ascorbic acid, L- 300
Vitamin C* 300
Sodium ascorbate 301
Calcium ascorbate 302
Potassium ascorbate 303
Propyl gallate 310
Propyl Gallate* 310
Guaiac Gum* 314
Guaiac resin 314
Guaiacum* 314
Gum Guaiac* 314
D-araboascorbic acid* 315
Isoascorbic acid* 315
Isoascorbic acid (Erythorbic acid) 315
Sodium isoascorbate 316
Sodium Isoascorbate* 316
TBHQ* 319
Tertiary butylhydroquinone 319
BHA* 320
Butylated hydroxyanisole 320
BHT* 321
Butylated hydroxytoluene 321
Lecithin 322(i)
Phosphatides* 322(i)
Phospholipids* 322(i)
Sodium lactate 325
Potassium lactate 326
Potassium Lactate (Solution)* 326
Calcium lactate 327
Ammonium lactate 328
Magnesium lactate, (DL-) 329
Citric acid 330
Monosodium citrate* 331(i)
Sodium citrate monobasic* 331(i)
Sodium dihydrogen citrate 331(i)
Sodium citrate* 331(iii)
Trisodium citrate 331(iii)
Monopotassium citrate* 332(i)
Potassium citrate monobasic* 332(i)
Potassium dihydrogen citrate 332(i)
Potassium citrate* 332(ii)
Tripotassium citrate 332(ii)
Tricalcium citrate 333(iii)
Sodium hydrogen malate 350(i)
Malic acid sodium salt* 350(ii)
Sodium malate 350(ii)
Potassium hydrogen malate 351(i)
Potassium malate 351(ii)
Calcium Malate, D,L-* 352(ii)
D,L-Monocalcium Malate* 352(ii)
Monocalcium Malate, D, L-* 352(ii)
Calcium malate, (DL-) 352(ii)
Monosodium fumarate* 365
Sodium fumarates 365
Triammonium citrate 380
Ammonium Ferric Citrate* 381
Ammonium Iron (III) Citrate* 381
Ammonium Iron Citrate* 381
Ferric ammonium citrate 381
Iron Ammonium Citrate* 381
Isopropyl Citrate mixture* 384
Isopropyl citrates 384
Oxystearin 387
Alginic acid 400
Sodium alginate 401
Potassium alginate 402
Ammonium alginate 403
Calcium alginate 404
Hydroxypropyl alginate* 405
Propane 1,2-diol alginate* 405
1,2-propane-diol ester of alginic acid* 405
Propylene glycol alginate 405
Agar 406
Agar-agar* 406
Bengal, Ceylon, Chinese or Japanese isinglass* 406
Gelose* 406
Japan agar* 406
Layor Carang* 406
Irish moss gelose (from Chondrus spp.)* 407
Eucheuman (from Eucheuma spp.)* 407
Danish agar (from Furcellaria fastigiata)* 407
Furcellaran agar (from Furcellaria fastigiata)* 407
Hypnean (from Hypnea spp.)* 407
Iridophycan (from Iridae spp.)* 407
Carrageenan and its ammonium, calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium salts (includes furcelleran) 407
PES* 407a
PNG-carrageenan* 407a
semi-refined carrageenan* 407a
Processed eucheuma seaweed (PES) 407a
Algaroba* 410
Carob bean gum 410
Carob gum* 410
Locust bean gum* 410
Guar Flour* 412
Guar gum 412
Gum Cyamopsis* 412
Gum Tragacanth 413
Acacia Gum* 414
Arabic Gum* 414
Gum arabic (Acacia gum) 414
Gum arabic (Acacia senegal)* 414
Gum arabic (Acacia seyal)* 414
Xanthan gum 415
Gum Karaya* 416
Gum Sterculia* 416
Kadaya* 416
Karaya* 416
Karaya gum 416
Katilo* 416
Kullo* 416
Kutterra* 416
Sterculia* 416
Peruvian carob* 417
Tara gum 417
Gellan gum 418
D-Glucitol, * 420(i)
D-Glucitol syrup* 420(i)
Sorbit* 420(i)
Sorbitol 420(i)
D-sorbitol* 420(i)
Sorbol* 420(i)
Sorbitol syrup 420(ii)
Mannite* 421
Mannitol 421
D-mannitol* 421
Glycerin* 422
Glycerol 422
Beta-1,3-glucan* 424
Curdlan 424
Konjac* 425
Konjac flour 425
Konjac Mannen* 425
konnyaku* 425
Konnyaleu* 425
Pectins 440
Pectins*(amidated and non-amidated) 440
Ammonium phosphatides* 442
Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid 442
SAIB* 444
Sucrose acetate isobutyrate 444
Ester Gum* 445
Glycerol ester of wood rosins 445
alpha-Cyclodextrin 457
gamma-Cyclodextrin 458
BCD* 459
betaCD* 459
beta-Cyclodextrine 459
Cyclodextrin B* 459
beta-Schardinger dextrin* 459
Cellulose Gel* 460(i)
Microcrystalline cellulose 460(i)
Powdered cellulose 460(ii)
Methyl Ether of Cellulose* 461
Ethyl cellulose 462
Cellulose Hydroxypropyl Ether* 463
Hydroxypropyl cellulose 463
Modified cellulose* 463
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose 464
MEC* 465
Methyl ethyl cellulose 465
Methyl Ethyl Ether of Cellulose* 465
Cellulose gum* 466
CMC* 466
Na CMC* 466
Sodium cellulose glycolate* 466
Sodium CMC* 466
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Cellulose gum) 466
Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose 467
Carboxymethyl cellulose , cross-linked- (cross-linked-Cellulose gum) 468
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, enzymatically hydrolysed (Cellulose gum) 469
Salts of myristic, palmitic and stearic acids with ammonia, calcium, potassium and sodium 470(i)
Salts of oleic acid with calcium, potassium and sodium 470(ii)
Glyceryl Monooleate* 471
Glyceryl Monopalmitate* 471
Glyceryl Monostearate* 471
GMS* 471
Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids 471
Monoolein* 471
Monopalmitin* 471
Monostearin* 471
Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides* 472a
Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol 472a
Acetoglycerides* 472a
Acetylated mono- and diglycerides* 472a
Lactic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides* 472b
Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol 472b
Lactoglycerides* 472b
CITREM* 472c
Citric acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides* 472c
Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol 472c
Citroglycerides* 472c
DATEM* 472e
Diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides* 472e
Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol 472e
Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids; INS No. 472f* 472e
Mixed Glycerol Esters of Diacetyltartaric Acid and Fatty Acids from Food Fats* 472e
Tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed; * 472e
Sucrose esters of fatty acids 473
Sucrose fatty acid esters* 473
Sucroglycerides 474
Glycerin fatty acid esters* 475
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids 475
Polyglycerol fatty acid esters* 475
Glyceran esters of condensed castor oil fatty acids* 476
Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid 476
Polyglycerol esters of polycondensed fatty acids from castor oil* 476
Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids* 477
Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids 477
Thermally oxidized soya bean oil with mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids 479
TOSOM* 479
Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate 480
Docusate Sodium* 480
DSS* 480
Stearyl palmityl tartrate* 483
Stearyl tartrate 483
Stearyl citrate 484
Soda ash* 500(i)
Sodium carbonate 500(i)
Baking soda* 500(ii)
Bicarbonate of soda* 500(ii)
Sodium bicarbonate* 500(ii)
Sodium hydrogen carbonate 500(ii)
Sodium mono hydrogen dicarbonate* 500(iii)
Sodium sesquicarbonate 500(iii)
Potassium carbonate 501(i)
Potassium bicarbonate* 501(ii)
Potassium hydrogen carbonate 501(ii)
Ammonium carbonate 503(i)
Ammonium bicarbonate* 503(ii)
Ammonium hydrogen carbonate 503(ii)
Magnesium carbonate 504(i)
Hydrated Basic Magnesium Carbonate* 504(ii)
Magnesium Carbonate Hydroxide* 504(ii)
Magnesium hydrogen carbonate 504(ii)
Magnesium Hydroxide Carbonate* 504(ii)
Magnesium Subcarbonate (Light or Heavy)* 504(ii)
Hydrochloric acid 507
Hydrogen Chloride* 507
Muriatic acid* 507
Potassium chloride 508
Sylvine* 508
Sylvite* 508
Calcium chloride 509
Ammonium chloride 510
Ammonium muriate* 510
Sal ammoniac* 510
Magnesium chloride 511
Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate* 511
Stannous chloride 512
Tin dichloride* 512
Sodium sulfates 514
Potassium sulfates 515
Calcium sulfate 516
Magnesium sulfate 518
Aluminium ammonium sulfate 523
Ammonium alum* 523
Caustic soda* 524
Lye* 524
Sodium hydrate* 524
Sodium hydroxide 524
Caustic potash* 525
Potassium hydrate* 525
Potassium hydroxide 525
Calcium hydroxide 526
Slaked lime* 526
Ammonium hydroxide 527
Magnesium hydroxide 528
Calcium oxide 529
Lime* 529
Magnesium oxide 530
Silica* 551
Silicon dioxide, amorphous 551
Calcium silicate 552
Magnesium silicate 553(i)
Talc 553(iii)
Talcum* 553(iii)
Sodium aluminosilicate 554
Sodium silicoaluminate* 554
Aluminium calcium silicate* 556
Calcium aluminium silicate 556
Calcium aluminosilicate* 556
Calcium silicoaluminate* 556
Sodium calcium silicoaluminate* 556
Aluminium silicate 559
Kaolin, light or heavy* 559
GDL* 575
D-Gluconic Acid Delta-Lactone* 575
Glucono delta-lactone 575
Glucono-delta-lactone* 575
Gluconolactone* 575
Delta-Gluconolactone* 575
Sodium D-Gluconate* 576
Sodium gluconate 576
Potassium gluconate 577
Calcium Di-D-Gluconate Monohydrate* 578
Calcium Di-Gluconate* 578
Calcium gluconate 578
Ferrous gluconate 579
Iron Gluconate* 579
Magnesium gluconate 580
Ferrous lactate 585
Iron (II ) Lactate* 585
L-alpha-aminoglutaric acid* 620
L-2-amino-pentanedioic acid* 620
Glutamic Acid* 620
L-Glutamic acid* 620
L(+)-Glutamic acid 620
L(+)-glutamic acid* 620
Monosodium glutamate 621
MSG* 621
Sodium Glutamate* 621
Monopotassium glutamate 622
MPG* 622
Potassium Glutamate* 622
Calcium glutamate* 623
Calcium glutamate (D, L-) 623
Ammonium Glutamate* 624
Monoammonium glutamate 624
Magnesium glutamate 625
Magnesium Glutamate* 625
GMP* 626
Guanosine-5′-Monophosphoric Acid* 626
Guanylic Acid* 626
5′-Guanylic acid 626
Disodium 5′-guanylate 627
Disodium Guanosine-5′-Monophosphate* 627
Sodium 5′-Guanylate* 627
Sodium Guanylate* 627
Dipotassium 5′-guanylate 628
Dipotassium Guanosine-5′-Monophosphate* 628
Potassium 5′-Guanylate* 628
Potassium Guanylate* 628
Calcium 5′-guanylate 629
Calcium guanylate* 629
IMP* 630
Inosinic acid 630
Inosinic Acid* 630
Disodium 5′-inosinate 631
Disodium Inosine-5′-Monophosphate* 631
Sodium 5′-Inosinate* 631
Sodium Inosinate* 631
Dipotassium Inosine-5′-Monophosphate* 632
Potassium 5′-Inosinate* 632
Potassium inosinate 632
Potassium Inosinate* 632
Calcium 5′-inosinate 633
Calcium inosinate* 633
Calcium 5′-ribonucleotides 634
Calcium ribonucleotides* 634
Disodium 5′-ribonucleotides 635
Sodium 5′-Ribonucleotides* 635
Sodium Ribonucleotides* 635
Maltol 636
Ethyl maltol 637
Dimethylpolysiloxane* 900a
Dimethylsilicone fluid* 900a
Dimethylsilicone oil* 900a
Polydimethylsiloxane 900a
Poly(dimethylsiloxane)* 900a
Beeswax 901
Candelilla wax 902
Carnauba wax 903
Shellac 904
Shellac, bleached* 904
Hydrocarbon Waxes* 905c(i)
Microcrystalline wax 905c(i)
Petroleum Wax* 905c(i)
Food grade mineral oil* 905d
Liquid paraffin* 905d
Liquid petrolatum* 905d
Mineral oil, high viscosity 905d
White mineral oil* 905d
Food grade mineral oil* 905e
Liquid paraffin* 905e
Liquid petrolatum* 905e
White mineral oil* 905e
Mineral oil, medium and low viscosity (class I) 905e
Hydrogenated polydec-1-ene* 907
Hydrogenated poly–decenes 907
Hydrogenated poly-α-olefin* 907
Chlorine 925
Chlorine dioxide 926
Chlorine peroxide* 926
Chlorine (IV)oxide* 926
Azobisformamide* 927a
Azodicarbonamide 927a
Benzoyl peroxide 928
Benzoyl superoxide* 928
Nitrogen 941
Dinitrogen monoxide* 942
Nitrogen oxide* 942
Nitrous oxide 942
Propane 944
Acesulfame K* 950
Acesulfame potassium 950
APM* 951
Aspartame 951
Aspartyl phenylalanine methyl ester* 951
Hydrogenated Isomaltulose* 953
Isomaltitol* 953
Isomalt (Isomaltitol 953
4,1′,6′-trichlorogalactosucrose* 955
Sucralose (Trichlorogalactosucrose) 955
Alitame 956
Thaumatin 957
Neotame 961
Aspartame-acesulfame salt 962
Polyglycitol syrup 964
D-Maltitol* 965(i)
Dried Maltitol Syrup* 965(i)
Hydrogenated Glucose Syrup* 965(i)
Hydrogenated High Maltose-Content Glucose Syrup* 965(i)
Hydrogenated Maltose* 965(i)
Maltitol 965(i)
Maltitol Syrup Powder* 965(i)
Maltitol syrup 965(ii)
Lactit* 966
Lactitol 966
Lactobiosit* 966
Lactositol* 966
Xylitol 967
Erythrite* 968
Erythritol 968
Meso-erythritol* 968
Tetrahydroxybutane* 968
Choline salts and esters 1001
alpha-Amylase from Aspergillus oryzae var. 1100
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus megaterium expressed in Bacillus subtilis 1100
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus 1100
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus expressed in Bacillus subtilis 1100
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus subtilis 1100
Diastase* 1100
Glycogenase* 1100
Glycogenase* 1100
Ptyalin* 1100
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus licheniformis (Carbohydrase) 1100
Protease 1101(i)
Papain 1101(ii)
Bromelain 1101(iii)
Aero-Glucose Dehydrogenase* 1102
Glucose Aerodehydrogenase* 1102
Glucose oxidase from Aspergillus niger var. 1102
Glucose Oxyhydrase* 1102
Notatin* 1102
Invertase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae 1103
Lipase, animal sources 1104
Lysozyme 1105
Modified Polydextroses* 1200
Polydextroses A and N 1200
Polyvinylpyrrolidone 1201
Povidone* 1201
PVP* 1201
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (insoluble) 1202
Polyvinyl alcohol 1203
PVOH* 1203
Vinyl alcohol polymer* 1203
Pullulan 1204
Dextrins, roasted starch 1400
Acid treated starch 1401
Starch, Acid-Treated* 1401
Alkaline treated starch 1402
Starch, Alkaline Treated* 1402
Bleached starch 1403
Starch, Bleached* 1403
Oxidized starch 1404
Starch, Enzyme Treated* 1405
Starches, enzyme treated 1405
Monostarch phosphate 1410
Distarch phosphate 1412
Phosphated distarch phosphate 1413
Acetylated distarch phosphate 1414
Starch acetate 1420
Starch Acetate Esterified with Acetic Anhydride* 1420
Starch Acetate Esterified with Vinyl Acetate* 1420
Acetylated distarch adipate 1422
Hydroxypropyl starch 1440
Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate 1442
Starch sodium octenyl succinate 1450
Acetylated oxidized starch 1451
Castor oil 1503
Ricinus oil* 1503
Ethyl citrate* 1505
Triethyl citrate 1505
Triacetin 1518
Methyl glycol* 1520
Propanediol* 1520
Propylene glycol 1520
Macrogol* 1521
PEG* 1521
Polyethylene Glycol 1521

* Synonyms

Data from GSFA Online; updated up to the 31st Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (2008)

The GFSA database that contains all information regarding these additives provides, in a searchable format, all the provisions for food additives that have been adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.

Requirements are searchable by food additive (name, synonym, INS number), by functional class and by food category, as described in Annex B of the Codex GSFA.


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